Rustle of angel wings | Angels in european art

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Rustle of angel wings Angels in european art

Museum of Modern Art – Nave
Archdiocesan Museum Olomouc – Gallery
October 27, 2016 — March 5, 2017

CONCEPTION AND CURATORS OF THE EXHIBITION | Gabriela Elbelová, Barbora Kundračíková
ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN | Tomáš Lampar
GRAPHIC DESIGN | Petr Šmalec
CONSERVATION WORK | Dalibor Sedlák, Eliška Sklenářová, Veronika Wanková, Ondřej Žák
PROGRAMS AND EVENTS | Hana Lamatová, Michaela Soukupová, David Hrbek, Marek Šobáň
LENDERS | Akademie výtvarných umění v Praze, Alšova jihočeská galerie, Arcibiskupství olomoucké, Benediktinské opatství Rajhrad, Galerie a muzeum litoměřické diecéze, Galerie hlavního města Prahy, Galerie Klatovy-Klenová, Galerie moderního umění v Hradci Králové, Galerie středočeského kraje v Kutné hoře, Galerie umění Karlovy Vary, řkf u kostelů sv. Mikuláše a sv. Václava Praha-Vršovice, Galerie výtvarného umění v Ostravě, Galerie výtvarného umění v Náchodě, Husitské muzeum v Táboře, Královská kanonie premonstrátů na Strahově, Moravská galerie v Brně, Muzeum Vysočiny Jihlava, Národní památkový ústav (Státní hrad Šternberk, Státní zámky Buchlovice, Hradec nad Moravicí, Hrádek u Nechanic, Jindřichův Hradec, Opočno, Velké Losiny, Vizovice), Národní galerie v Praze, Národní zemědělské muzeum, Oblastní galerie v Liberci, Oblastní galerie Vysočiny v Jihlavě, Památník národního písemnictví, Oblastní muzeum v Děčíně, Regionální muzeum Žďár nad Sázavou, řkf Šternberk, Severočeská galerie výtvarného umění v Litoměřicích, Slovenská národná galéria Bratislava, Turčianská galéria v Martine, Východočeská galerie Pardubice, Západočeská galerie v Plzni, Západočeské muzeum v Plzni, Zemský archiv Opava – pobočka Olomouc, soukromí majitelé, sbírka arpema, sbírka Patrika Šimona, sbírka Zdeňka Preclíka, sbírka Roberta Runtáka

”See, I am sending an angel ahead of you to guard you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared. Pay attention to him and listen to what he says. Do not rebel against him; he will not forgive your rebellion, since my Name is in him. If you listen carefully to what he says and do all that I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and will oppose those who oppose you. My angel will go ahead of you (...)“
(Exodus 23.20-23)

Some ideas are shared by many cultures, regardless of ethnic origin or denomination, and which are important despite the fact that they seem to belong in a different context, cultural and historical framework or period. Their nature is permanent and their intensity unchanging, which is in direct contrast to the vicissitudes of the real world. “Angel” is one of them – it is a theme which is clearly associated with positive values; comfort of faith, kindness, safety, affection and goodness. The angels’ nature is pleasant for spiritual, as well as aesthetic reasons: Angels face God and reflect his excellence with physical as well as unparalleled intellectual charm. However, angels are also somewhat disturbing, beyond human comprehension and beyond the (imperfect) nature.

Though it may seem incredible, angels have always been with us, despite the fact that we can’t see them, do not know their real names or whether they have their own will or reason. We only know their purpose: to act as intermediaries between God (gods) and people. 

That was why we eventually decided to primarily focus on the inner complexity of the angel phenomenon. As a result, we could explore possible analogies between meanings and aesthetic qualities, think about their purpose, and compare works of art which were created before and after 1900 whose different natures result from, among other things, different relationships to faith and religion. Therefore the exhibition is divided into five sections, four of which are based on the biblical and iconographic tradition of the angel as Messenger (mediator), adorer, guardian and guide. These four types show the relationship between angels and people and are in fact the only graspable things based on which they can be defined. Thus we aimed to name the spirit in the fifth part of the exhibition. If angels do not perform any task, who are they then? What are their characteristics?

How are they struggling with their nature? If schemes and systems become more relaxed and generally accepted meanings are formed or replaced by a foreign reflection, the original perfectly saturated terms lose their original meanings and acquire new ones. Then, the firmly anchored figure of the “angel” may act as a kind of mirror which reflects the characteristics of the period as well as our understanding to ourselves.

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